The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) 2023-06-02T00:27:11+00:00 Dr Corazon G. Pardo- Managing Editor Open Journal Systems <p align="justify">The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) with a <strong>P-ISSN of 2719-1842</strong> and an <strong>E-ISSN of 2945-4107</strong> is an annual peer-reviewed open-access journal concerned with the theories, practices, and advances in education and human development. The journal is published annually and the publisher of this journal is the University of Northern Philippines which is located at the World Heritage City of Vigan, Ilocos Sur, Philippines.</p> <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Teacher Education, Educational Development, Education Quality, Administration and Leadership in Education, Access to Education, Higher Education, Education Delivery and Outcomes, Distance Education, Flexible Learning, Blended Learning, E-learning, Gender Education and Issues, Art Education, Guidance and Counseling and Sustainability in Education and Human Development in Philosophy, Psychology, Political Science, Economics, Languages Studies, Communication Sciences, Sociology, Culture and Environment Sustainability.</span></p> Impact of Social Networks on Students’ Academic Performance at the University of Greenwich Vietnam (Can Tho campus) 2023-05-17T00:49:13+00:00 Thi Hang Tram Mai Que Nhu Duong <p>Social networks (SN) are becoming a common trend in almost every aspect of the world. Significantly, SN impacts students' studying in that they use it to support their assignments and tasks. However, in Vietnam and Can Tho, there is little research about the SN impact on students’ academic performance (SAP), so the authors decided to conduct this research. This project aims to research the impact of social networks on students’ academic performance (SAP) at the University of Greenwich Vietnam at Can Tho campus (UoG VN CT). A questionnaire gathered the data on the social network factors that impact students' academic performance. Variables identified are purpose, frequency of usage, SN sites (SNS), and SAP. The result shows a positive relationship between SNS usage and SAP, especially Facebook, the SNS that students use most, so UoG VN CT should take advantage of it to increase SAP. Otherwise, the research also demonstrates that the frequency of SN has a negative relationship with SAP: the more hours students spend on SN, the worse SAP students get, so UoG VN CT should give some policies to limit students’ SN time usage.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Philippine Christian University Transnational Education Extension Program Towards a Model for Sustainable Distance Learning: A Case Study 2023-05-17T00:51:55+00:00 Margie DG Dela Cruz <p>This study is designed to explore three salient points: (1) the current status of operations of academic institutions in the Philippines brought about by the pandemic; (2) the innovative approaches of academic institutions that continue to survive and flourish in their continued delivery of academic services while still maintaining the required minimum standard and even above par set by the Commission for Higher Education (CHED CMO 15, s. of 2019); and (3) the indicators of economic sustainability of PCU’s TNEEP program both in the short-run and long-term operations. The research design is historical, documentary, and field survey. It is historical in nature as the researcher looked into the historical background of TNEEP in terms of its operations, market environment, demand factor, policy factor and sustainability indicators. It is also documentary in nature as the researcher looked into the documents relevant to TNEEP’s operations. Finally, it is a field survey as a questionnaire is constructed to elicit answers to the questions raised in the statement of the problem.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Work Environment of Probationers in Ilocos Sur 2023-05-17T00:54:09+00:00 Dolores R. Bersamina Wilson R. Tolio <p>This study aimed to determine the work environment of probationers in Ilocos Sur through the lens of 164 probationers. Survey questionnaires were used to discover the work environment of the probationers. The respondents are exposed to an uncomfortable work environment, confronted with a disagreeable relationship with their employers, poor rapport among their peers, and a lack of sense of belongingness, and their work is completely not suited to their abilities and does not satisfy their needs. Also, they faced challenges that would impede the very purpose of their probation. It is recommended that the parole and probation administration consider seeking related agencies' assistance to continuously, sustainably, and intensely provide psycho-social programs among the probationers and other stakeholders. Also, for the said agency to consider strengthening the rehabilitation programs to foster behavioral and attitudinal change in the probationers under their supervision.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) A-R-T: The Way of Life of the Ilocano Creative-Arts Based Freelancers 2023-05-17T00:57:42+00:00 Glenn Paul E. Briones Richel Royce T. Chan Aristotle P. Piamonte Princess Neptalia R. Quebral <p>Freelancing is an excellent option to augment income. It is appealing and popular among Filipinos, both professionals and non-professionals. The Province of Ilocos Sur offers a plethora of creative arts-based capacities that may be leveraged as creative business objects. The prospects for arts, crafts, and creative enterprise as a component of the creative economy in Ilocos Sur are depicted. The research defined what freelancing in the creative arts is all about and what it includes. The study investigated the difficulties they face in their personal lives, professions, and day-to-day lives as part-time workers and freelancers. To stand out, freelancers must adhere to the right ideals, regardless of the presence of barriers. ART is one of the rising values of freelancers that drives them to persevere in creating their identities in the industry. Further, certain recommendations were also articulated.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Effectiveness of Game-Based Learning Instructional Materials in Enhancing the Mathematics Performance of Grade 8 Learners 2023-05-17T01:01:05+00:00 Cyril R. Orbon Sherwin B. Sapin <p>This study aimed to improve grade 8 participants' capacity for mathematical thought. The researchers developed the students' capacity to think, comprehend underlying ideas, and solve challenging mathematical problems when they learn mathematics through games. While having fun, educational games encourage students to come up with original ideas and push them to learn more quickly. Instructional games only make arithmetic ideas easier for pupils to comprehend and retain. Their confidence is increased by the conversations students have with one another to provide a lasting learning effect. Together, games help learners feel powerful and on par with their peers. The quasi-experimental methodology of the current research utilized the group design of non-equivalent pretest and posttest, comprising the experimental and comparison groups. The researchers developed the instruments validated by the experts (head teacher and master teachers) from the City Schools Division of Cabuyao. Participants' mean performance scores in the pretest and posttest data were compiled and contrasted. Using the paired sample t-test and Cohen's d, it was evaluated whether the mean scores on the pretest and posttest differed statistically significantly. The outcome from the posttest frequently improved over those from the pretest. Pretest and posttest results showed a discernible difference, showing that game-based learning instructional materials might assist students in enhancing their mathematical problem-solving abilities. Game-based learning using different game application tools emphasizes the importance of strengthening the foundation of math concepts and the mathematical proficiency to solve various problems in math.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Politeness Strategies in Online Classroom Chats: Its Implication in the Teaching-Learning Process 2023-05-17T01:03:35+00:00 Novie Ada B. Urbis Juvie Lynne T. Almachar Esperanza Marites V. Mariñas <p>Politeness is part of cultural communication in Filipino classrooms to enhance group discussion. The study analyzed the politeness strategies used by faculty at the University of Northern Philippines that specifically determined the politeness strategies used by the faculty in online classroom chats and their implication in the online teaching-learning process. Transcriptions of classroom interaction in Messenger were data sources which were analyzed using Brown and Levinson’s (1987) typology employing conversational analysis and descriptive design. Results revealed that faculty used positive politeness strategies, bald on-record politeness strategies, and off-record politeness strategies. Positive politeness strategies and bald on record strategies are most frequently used. These strategies indicate that the faculty members are friendly, respectful, caring, and accommodating and promote good camaraderie between them and students. Politeness strategies create, maintain, and regulate healthy and productive conversation during class interaction, hence improving teaching-learning. It is recommended that faculty be familiarized with the different politeness strategies and their functions which will shape their interpersonal relationships with the students, thus encouraging healthier and more productive conversation, avoiding unwanted circumstances during their class interaction, and improving the online teaching-learning process.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Risk Assessment on Visual Acuity among Elementary Pupils in the Heritage City of Vigan 2023-05-17T01:06:56+00:00 Ofelia R. Espiritu Edna R. Javier Jevie A. Abella <p>Children's vision is linked with the Global Goals for Sustainable Development. The Comprehensive School Eye Health Program's mandate is to prevent, detect, and treat eye disorders in children to realize their rights and enhance their growth and development. The study examined the association between visual acuity and personal factors and the academic performance of 491 pupils of three elementary schools in Vigan City. It used the descriptive correlational research. Data were collected through observation, questionnaire- checklist, and records review and treated by Frequency count, percentage, and simple linear correlation analysis. Findings showed that the majority of the respondents belong to age 10 and 11, male, grade VI, without a family history of vision problems, grandmother commonly suffer vision problem, preferred fruits and vegetables, had 8-10 hours’ sleep, television, and cellphone exposure of 0-1 hour daily, and sits while reading. Most respondents have an average visual acuity of 20/20 – 20/25, based on a self-reported result of the Vision Development Quality of Life checklist. The study yielded a significant relationship between quality of Vision (COQV) and a family history of eye problems. Likewise, a significant relationship existed between visual acuity (Snellen's Chart measurement) on both eyes and gadgets used.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Effectiveness of Blended Learning Techniques in Teaching Laws of Exponents 2023-05-17T01:29:15+00:00 Joseph B. Besavilla Sherwin B. Sapin <p>This study sought to ascertain whether blended learning techniques helped teach the laws of exponents to students in Grade 7 at Pulo National High School-Diezmo Ext., City of Cabuyao, Laguna for the SY 2021-2022. For this investigation, a quasi-experimental research approach was used. Sixty (60) seventh-grade students took part in this study. The pretest and posttest used in this study covered the fundamental idea of laws of exponents. The experimental group outperformed the comparison group on average, scoring a mean of 26.13 as opposed to 18.27 for the comparison group, according to the formative test results. The formative assessments for the two groups differed noticeably on p.01. Results from the posttest frequently improved over those from the pretest. The difference between the pretest and posttest mean scores was significant at p.01 for the experimental and comparison groups, indicating that it is very effective for both groups of students. The difference between the pretest and posttest scores for the experimental group produced a t-value of 9.525, which is significant at p.01. Based on the study's findings, the researchers concluded that blended learning is a successful intervention that may be used in the classroom to help kids get better at math.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Preparedness of University Personnel on the Management of Common Medical Emergencies 2023-05-17T07:18:15+00:00 Leila Sylvia F. Bautista Karen B. David Lorena T. Darisan Rebecca Rios <p>Preparation before an emergency is critical in ensuring that employers and workers have the necessary knowledge and skills on where to go and how to keep themselves safe. This study determined the level of preparedness of UNP personnel on the management of common medical emergencies and its relationship with selected socio-demographic factors. The study used the descriptive-correlational research method using the G power. 202 teaching and non-teaching personnel of the University of Northern Philippines were determined using the purposive sampling technique. The study findings were: A great number of the respondents are 40-44 years old, master's graduates with a monthly income of below Php30,000, 15-19 years in service, and male; a great majority are married. The majority of the respondent's sources of information are television, doctors, and newspapers. The respondents are highly prepared for the management of common medical emergencies. They are prepared to manage wounds, burns, nose bleeding, fainting, difficulty breathing, choking, bites, and fractures. The sex, educational attainment, and level of preparedness of the respondents have a significant relationship with their preparedness for the management of common medical emergencies. The male and those who have attained a higher education degree are well prepared to manage common medical emergencies. Although they have a high level of preparedness, their seminars and expertise must be improved.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Learning Environment Framework for BS Accountancy: A Learning Analytics 2023-06-02T00:16:25+00:00 Norman Ramos Michelle Bolata-Ramos <p>The study focused on learning analytics in order to provide a framework for a conducive learning environment for B.S. Accountancy students at the Philippine Christian University Manila Campus. Learning Analytics is utilized for active monitoring and dynamic decision-making in order to maximize the success of students sitting the CPA board exam. This study used a descriptive research design to explain the statistical results through descriptive narratives. The significance of the data mean was determined using a one-sample t-test of significance. A one-way ANOVA was used to examine the significance of the link between the independent variable of a student's academic standing and the dependent variable of students' evaluation of faculty. A linear regression analysis was used in this study to investigate if the results of the CPA board test had any significant effects on a student's academic level.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Tracer Study on the BSBA-HRDM Graduates in a State University 2023-06-02T00:22:05+00:00 Scott Jason P. Llanes Cristina R. Bundoc Gerard Edwin F. Malcaba <p>This study aimed to determine the employability of the graduates of the Bachelor of Science in Business Administration major in Human Resource Development Management of the University of Northern Philippines. Specifically, it sought to determine the graduates’ profile, position, appointment, the type of agency where employed, and the time it took to land a job. The researchers, through a descriptive design, gathered the data with the use of a questionnaire, documentary analysis, and interviews. Results revealed that most of the respondents were employed in the private and government sectors. In addition, the majority of the respondents had 16 months or more job-hunting time. Based on the findings, the researchers proposed that the students should be engaged in seminars, training, conferences, and workshops beneficial for future work-related endeavors. The college should intensify activities like job fairs to help graduating students find job after graduation. This will increase the employment rate and lessen the job-hunting time of the graduates. The college should establish linkages to private entities in the region to endorse its graduates and disseminate the vacant positions of the private entities. This will increase the employment rate and lessen the job-hunting time of the graduates. A follow-up study should be conducted on the performance of graduates of the program.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Gender Mainstreaming in Student Organizations of a State University 2023-06-02T00:25:31+00:00 Victoria R. Arce Maria Cresalyn B. Betita Dea Meir L. Tacbas Bernadeth F. Canoy <p>This study aimed to determine the gender mainstreaming efforts of student organizations at the University of Northern Philippines. It also identified the challenges met by the student leaders in mainstreaming gender in their respective organizations. The respondents of the survey conducted were the officers of student formations and accredited organizations who attended the executive-legislative assembly sponsored by the Office of Student Affairs and Services. The researchers employed a qualitative approach using documentary analysis to determine the gender mainstreaming efforts of student organizations. The researchers used the Gender Mainstreaming Evaluation Framework as their guide, particularly along the four entry points: policy, people, enabling mechanisms and programs, projects, and activities. The information on the student leaders' challenges in mainstreaming gender was obtained through an interview with another set of student leaders. The study found that along with the four entry points, there are gender mainstreaming efforts exerted by the student organizations. The officers also encountered some challenges. Therefore, the researchers conclude that the university, through the Office of Student Affairs and Services, has already started mainstreaming gender in student services. Also, male and female student leaders have access to leadership positions in student organizations based on their sex-disaggregated data. However, not all are fully aware that gender should be mainstreamed in the four entry points. The researchers would like to recommend that the Office of Student Affairs and Services should be strict enough to monitor gender mainstreaming in student organizations.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD) Instructional Leadership and Self-Efficacy of the Public Secondary School Heads of Laguna: Basis for Administrative Framework 2023-06-02T00:27:11+00:00 Rowan N. Elomina <p>This study examined the instructional leadership and self-efficacy of 94 Laguna Secondary School Heads of Laguna utilizing the descriptive-correlational method of research and questionnaires. Weighted mean, standard deviation and correlation analysis were used to analyze the data. Respondents reported very high instructional leadership and self-efficacy of school heads. Monitoring Learning obtained a Very High Extent mean for instructional leadership school head efficacy. Minor indicator: "Evaluating Classroom Practices" (Very High Extent). School principals have stated and observed that instructional leadership differs. of Laguna's secondary principals' leadership. Professed and observed instructional leadership decreased. Respondent efficacy is high among instructional leadership school heads. "Creating an Appropriate Structure" has the highest Instructional Leadership School Heads Efficacy mean; "Evaluating Classroom Practices" has the lowest. Professed and seen School Head Self-Efficacy decreased. The findings determined the DepEd and school officials' administrative model. Teachers can help with instructional decisions and school-wide plans. Program supervisors and district supervisors may focus on instructional leadership and self-efficacy. Schools Division Staff may adopt this study's administrative framework. Indicators that were not covered in this study may be the focus of future research to find out how other management practices affect instructional leadership and self-efficacy.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The Asian Journal of Education and Human Development (AJEHD)